Discover Galapagos History and Facts

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The Galapagos Archipelago is located in the Pacific Ocean, about 600 miles off the coast of Ecuador's mainland.

These islands have volcanic origins, nowadays they are a National Park and a Biological Marine Reserve. They are one of the few natural paradises in our planet and one of the most visited national parks in the world. The flora and fauna in the islands is unique most of them are endemic.

Around 1830's, the islands were Charles Darwin's natural laboratory that helped him develop his "Theory of Evolution by Natural Selection." 

Of the 18 main islands, only five of the Islands are inhabited by humans: Santa Cruz, Baltra, Isabella, Floreana and San Cristobal. The capital of the Galapagos is Puerto Baquerizo Moreno, located on San Cristobal Island, however the main tourisitic city is Puerto Ayora in Santa Cruz.


Interpretation centers can be visited in the following Islands: Santa Cruz, Isabella and San Cristobal.

Sites of Interest in the Galapagos Islands

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Baltra: Small island (27 Km2), located north of Santa Cruz. Visit: Bachas Beach, where there are chances to hike in order to see the marine turtle nesting and Flamingoes. Snorkeling.

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Santa Cruz: One of the largest and most populated islands in the Archipelago (986 Km2). Visit: Charles Darwin Research Station, highlands. Chances to find several of the remaining subspecies of tortoises, marine iguanas, mocking birds, sharks and various species of land and sea birds. Flora: Mangrove, the native ever green Scalesia, prickly pear Cactus, salt brush, Palo Santo.

Islas Plazas: Beautiful Island where we will have the chances toe enjoy the diverse fauna of the island such as sea lions, land and marine iguanas, and a huge variety of birds.  Galapagos Yacht Travels 3050
 Galapagos Yacht Travels 30293 Santa Fé: A beautiful island where there are high chances to find the giant cactus as well as a vast variety of iguanas, sea lions and marine turtles. Snorkeling opportunities.
Española: A beautiful island with a white sand beach and the amazing Blowhole. High opportunities to find impressive colonies of sea birds such as blue-footed boobies, masked boobies among other species of fauna such as sea lions, marine iguanas, Galapagos hawk, etc. This is the only breeding site for wave albatross. Galapagos Yacht Travels 29981 
 Galapagos Yacht Travels 30188 Floreana: One of the best known islands. Chances to enjoy snorkeling with the Galapagos shark at the Devil's Crown (underwater crater). Visit the famous Post office bay where we will get the chance to learn more about Galapagos history.

Rabida: A small but colorful island. Enjoy the scenery of its red sandy beaches and its fauna and flora. Common species: sea lions, flamingos, pelicans and white cheeked pintails. Flora: Palo Santo.

Santiago: A beautiful island where there is the chance to find seals, blue-footed boobies, pelicans and a vast variety of sea birds.

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 Galapagos Yacht Travels 7394 Bartolome: One of the most representative island in the archipelago. Here we can find the beautiful Pinnacle Rock with a Panoramic view of Sullivan Bay. Found species: Galapagos penguins, marine tortoises, white-tipped shark, lava lizard. Flora: Red mangrove, tiquilia, scalesia brush, lava cactus.
North Seymour: A small island where we can hike through bird colonies. Uplifted island has large colonies of frigate birds, blue-footed boobies and sea lions.  Galapagos Yacht Travels 30512
Galapagos Yacht Travels 3085  San Cristobal: The Capital of the archipelago is located in this island. A research station is located in this island too. Common species frequently found such as Giant tortoises, frigate birds, sea lions, blue-footed and masked boobies.
Isabela: The largest island in the Archipelago. This island is formed by 5 active volcanoes. This island becomes an excellent site for diving. We can find in this island the larges population of giant tortoises, sea lions, flightless cormorant, frigate birds, Galapagos hawk and Galapagos penguins, marine iguanas, marine turtles, manta rays, hammerheads, eels, white-tipped sharks, blue-footed and masked boobies, groupers and snappers. Galapagos Yacht Travels 2831 
 Galapagos Yacht Travels 7574 Fernandina: The third larges island. Because of its dark rocky shores and black sand beaches, has become one of the most fascinating islands. This is one of the newest and the most active islands as well. Here we can find marine and land iguanas,
pelicans, Galapagos penguins, fur seals, sea lions and flightless cormorants. Regarding flora, beautiful samples of pahohoe lava formations and mangroves, branchycereus cactus.


Galapagos Islands Facts

Population 2012:  26,640

Climate: The warmest months are December through June. It gets hot and rainy from January through June, during this time the islands get green and lush.

Electricity Current on mainland and islands is 110v. 

 Capital:  Puerto Baquerizo Moreno, located on San Cristobal Islands

Area: 3,090 square miles


Recommended readings:

  • Voyage of the Beagle.    Charles Darwin  1989
  • Galapagos: A Natural History.   Michael H. Jackson   University of Calgary Press 5th Ed 1999
  • Galapagos The Untamed Isles. Galapagos Books by Pete Oxford & Renee Bish
  • The Galapagos by Henry Nicholls
  • Galápagos: The Islands that Changed the World by Paul D. Stewart



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